Towards the Creation of a Scientific Basis for Climate Change Adaptation
Japan has been facing the severe impacts of climate change such as increased meteorological disasters and those on human health and agriculture, which has become apparent worldwide. Against this background, the Climate Change Adaptation Act was enacted in 2018. The Adaptation Act prescribes the regular assessment of climate change impacts and a reexamination of adaptation plans every five years. In the international arena, mitigation and adaptation practices will be managed by similar regular stock takes determined by the Paris Agreement. However, these activities require a firm scientific basis.
The S-18 Research Project commenced in April 2020 to respond to such social requirements. This project will be attended by more than 200 researchers from 27 universities and research institutes to create scientific information as a basis for realizing a climate change resilient society.